Welcome to the Official website of Kuttanad Package

Kuttanad region and its community were facing severe agrarian distress for the last 5 decades owing to a variety of factors.  Based on the request of the Govt. of Kerala to address the perennial problems faced in Kuttanad, the Union Govt. entrusted the Dr. M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai to conduct a scientific study of the region and suggest suitable measures to mitigate agrarian distress in Kuttanad.  The MSSRF recommended a variety of interventions to be implemented as a Package with a total cost outlay of Rs. 1,840 crore which was accepted by the Govt. of India for funding under ongoing Central Sector Schemes. Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) prepared by the State Govt. for different activities envisaged in the Package are under different stages of implementation.

Latest Happenings

LAST UPDATED ON 22/08/2016

  • Silo storage system in modern rice mill of Oil Palm India Ltd at Vechoor Kottayam was inaugurated by the Hon'ble CM on 1/2/2016 5 Pm at Vechoor funded under 13th FCA for Kuttanad Development
  • The 9th Prosperity Council Meeting chaired by the Hon'ble Chief Minister to review the works under Kuttanad Package held on 7/10/2014, 11.30 am at Thiruvananthapuram
  • The Hon'ble Chief Minister inaugurated the launch of construction works of Thanneermukkom Barrage and renovation of  existing shutters on 16/9/2014 at Alappuzha.

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You are here:   Home About Kuttanad Package Major Interventions

Major Interventions

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In view of the complex and highly fragile ecology of Kuttanad and the need for its better management along with practicing agriculture to improve the livelihood and strengthening the food security of the state, the M.S.Swaminathan Research Foundation which undertook a Study to mitigate agrarian distress in Kuttanad has suggested a set of recommendations which was approved by the Union Cabinet popularly known as the Kuttanad Package.

The Thottappally Spillway was built in 1955 to divert flood water from the rivers away from the Vembanad and into the sea.  Since the channel leading to the spillway is not wide enough and since the mouth of the spillway silts up and has to be dredged at the onset of the monsoon to release the flood water, the efficiency of the Spillway is being improved as part of the Package.

The Thannermukkom Barrage which is 1.25km long was constructed in 1976 across a narrow part of the Vembanad lake to check saline water intrusion into the paddy fields during summer and also to retain the fresh water inflow from the rivers into the lake and thus improve paddy cultivation.  Two thirds of the Barrage was completed but the central portion of the barrage is still blocked with mud bund which has to be replaced with 33 gates.  Though the Barrage has been relatively successful by keeping the water in Kuttanad free of salinity and adding another crop in certain areas during summer, the main drawback is the loss of opportunity for marine fish and prawns to migrate upstream.  It has also created a number of water quality problems such as reduction of flushing action in the lake and thereby causing proliferated growth of weeds and water hyacinth in the water body.  As part of the Package, the Barrage will be modernized keeping the interests of the farming and fishing community.

The Package will improve the infrastructure for paddy cultivation by way of construction of strong outer bunds for all the padasekharams, renovation of the existing rivers, canals, drains and water bodies, construction of Orumuttus across Kariyar, complete construction of the AC canal & regulation of floodwater in Kayal area near CD and Rani-Chitra Blocks.

The Package also would benefit the farmers by way of distribution of farm machinery, construction of seed godowns, establishment of agri-clinics, rejuvenation of coconut farming, horticulture development, distribution of free paddy seeds, fish fingerlings & high yielding milch cows, location based research, pest forecasting, training to youth etc.  The ecology of the area will be improved by way of systematic eradication of water hyacinth from the Kuttanad Wetland System, augmentation of mangroves etc.

Kuttanad which is only 4.2% of the area of Kerala, supports 8% of her population.  In spite of severe agrarian constraints, Kuttanad produces 2.5 lakh tons of paddy annually which is expected to double at the end of the Project by way of increase in area under cultivation and increase in production.  The Package would also generate additional employment, improved income & savings and would benefit the overall livelihood of the residents of the Kuttanad region.